These are themes about the month of Shaban:
First: the reason for its name
Ibn Hajar, may God have mercy on him, said: “It was named the month of Shaban; because they were expanding in seeking water or during the raids after the sacred month of Rajab comes out, and this has more priority than before it. And it was said otherwise.”
Fasting of Shaban:
It is proven in ‘Al Sahihayn’ on the authority of Aisha, may God be pleased with her, that she said: “The Messenger of Allah did not fast in any month as he fasted in Shaban; he used to fast all of it." And in another narration on her, may God be pleased with her: “He used to fast all of it, except a little.”
Ibn al-Mubarak, may God have mercy on him, said: “It is permissible in the words of the Arabs if a person fasts most of the month to say that he fasted the whole month.”
The reason for the fasting of Shaban:
Usamah bin Zaid said:
"I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, I do not see you fasting any month as much as Shaban.' He said: 'That is a month to which people do not pay much attention, between Rajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds, and I like that my deeds be taken up when I am fasting." Narrated by Al-Nasa’i, and improved by Al-Albani.
The ‘Hadith’ included two reasons:
The first: “That is a month to which people do not pay much attention”
And worship in the time of Inattention has a great reward and status.
The second: “It is a month in which the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds”.
Deeds are taken up every day and every year. In Shaban, deeds are taken up as our Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, told us, and they are raised every day.
It is proven in the ‘Sahih’ on the authority of Ibn Musa, that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was standing amongst us and he told us five things. He said: Verily the Exalted and Mighty God does not sleep, and it does not befit Him to sleep. He lowers the scale and lifts it. The deeds in the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day, and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night. His veil is the light. In the hadith narrated by Abu Bakr (instead of the word "light" ), it is fire. If he withdraws it (the veil), the splendor of His countenance would consume His creation so far as His sight reaches.
Al-Nawawi, may God have mercy on him, said: It was said: “What is meant by the scale is livelihood, which is the scale of every creature, when it decreases, livelihood decreases, and when it rises, it increases”, and only God knows.
The virtue of the night of Shaban
Three of the ‘Hadith’ were confirmed on the middle night of Shaban:
The first ‘Hadith’:
Abu Musa al-Ash‘ari reported God’s Messenger as saying, “God most high looks down on the middle night of Sha'ban and forgives all His creatures, except a polytheist or one who is hostile.”
Al-Tabarani reported it in ‘Al-Kabeer’ and ‘Al-Awsat’, and Al-Albani authenticated it in As-Silsilah Al-Sahiha.
The second ‘Hadith’:
Al-Bayhaqi reported it, and al-Albani authenticated it in Sahih al-Targheeb and al-Tarheeb and said: It is authentic for others, and that is The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Allah looks down upon his servants in the middle night of Sha’ban. He forgives the believers, he gives respite to the unbelievers, and he abandons the people of malice to their malice until they leave it.”
The third ‘Hadith’ is:
Ibn Abi Asim reported it in the Sunnah, and Al-Albani said in the shadows of Paradise: It is true for others, and that is The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Our Lord Almighty descends to the heaven on the middle night of Sha’ban and he forgives all of his creatures, except for an idolater or one harboring malice.
What we learned from 'Al Ahadith' about the virtue of the middle night of Shaban:
Our Lord Almighty descends to heaven on the middle night of Sha’ban.
There is no doubt that this happens every night in the last third, as we mentioned earlier, as for the night of the fifteenth of Shaban, the descent takes place on the whole night, as the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, told us, and the night begins with sunset.
So, Muslims should make a lot of supplication on this night. Ibn Hajar al-Haytami al-Shafi’i, may God have mercy on him, said in the major fatwas of jurisprudence speaking about this night: “The result is that this night has virtue and that there are special forgiveness and specific response in it.”, and then Al-Shafi’i, may God be pleased with him, said: “The supplication is answered in it”.
God Al-Mighty vast in forgiveness.
God Al-Mighty said: “And whoever does a wrong or wrongs
himself but then seeks forgiveness of Allāh will find Allāh
Forgiving and Merciful.” [alnsa'/110].
No chance for the polytheist from this forgiveness.
The mercy of God expanded everything but polytheism and its people. God Al-Mighty said: “Indeed, Allāh does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allāh has certainly gone far astray.” [alnsa':116].
No chance for the one who is hostile also.
The one who is hostile: There is hostility between him and
It has been proven in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah, may God be pleased with him, that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “The gates of Paradise are opened on Monday and Thursday. Allah forgives every servant who does not associate anything with him, except a man with enmity between himself and his brother. It will be said: Delay these two until they reconcile, delay these two until they reconcile.”
'Ahadith' has not been proven about the night of the half.
“When the middle night of Shaban comes, spend the night in prayer and fast during the day”.
“Oh Ali, whoever prays the night of the fifteenth of Shaban one hundred rak'ahs for a thousand Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad (Surat al-Ikhlas), God response to everything he asked for that night”.
“Whoever recites the night of the fifteenth of Sha'ban a thousand times Qul Huwa Allahu Ahad (Surat al-Ikhlas), God sends to him a hundred thousand angels to glad tiding to him”.
“Who revives the night of the feast and the middle night of Shaban, his heart never dies on the day that hearts die”.
Is the night of the fifteenth of Shaban the blessed night in Surat Al-Dukhan?
It is wrong to think that the night mentioned in the verse: “Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind].”[aladakhan/3] is the night of the fifteenth of Shaban, as the Noble Qur’an indicated that the revelation of the Qur’an was on 'laylat alqadr'. Allah Mighty said: “Indeed, We sent it [i.e., the Qur’ān] down during the Night of Decree.” [alqdr: 1], and Laylat al-Qadr is not in Shaban, but in Ramadan, because God Almighty says: “The month of Ramaḍān [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’ān,” [albqarat:185].
Dedicating an act of worship for the middle night of Shaban.
Among the predecessors - as Ibn Taymiyyah and al-Haytami mentioned - those who venerated the night of the fifteenth of Shaban and strive hard on it, and some of them forbade that. Al-Hitami said in the major jurisprudential fatwas: “As for the special prayer for this night - the middle of Shaban night - and I have learned that it is an abominable heresy that is reprehensible and it is forbidden.” Although it has been mentioned that the followers from the people of Sham as Mkhol and Khaled bin Ma'dan, Lokman, and others were glorifying it, and they strive hard in worship in it, and from them the people took what they invented in it and did not base that on sound evidence, and then it was said that they were based on Israeli tradition, and then this was denied by most of the scholars of the Hejaz, Such as At'a and Ibn Abi Malikah and the jurtis of the City, which is what the Shafi’i companions and Malik and others said, And that is all heresy; Because nothing was proven in it from the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, nor on the authority of any of his companions.
Among the etiquette of the Qur’an is what came in the words of God Almighty: “O you who have believed, obey Allāh and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allāh and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allāh and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.” [alnsa':59].
We referred this issue to the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of God and found that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, forbade ‘al'amr almuhadath’, and ‘al'amr almuhadath’ is the act which there is no evidence for it. The Messenger of Allah said: “If anyone introduces into this affair of ours anything which does not belong to it, it is rejected.”Narrated by (Bukhari and Muslim.)
It is not from 'Sharia' for the Muslim to concern the night of the middle of Shaban with prayer and qiyaam, nor its day with fast, so there is a difference between the act of worship and relating it with a time or place. Our Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, said, rooting that, “Do not choose Thursday night as a particular night for prayer, and do not choose Friday as a particular day for fasting, unless it occurs during a fast one of you is observing.” Muslim transmitted it. As for supplication, it has been proven that it is permissible to increase it in it.
No fasting after the fifteenth of Shaban.
Abu Huraira reported God's messenger as saying, "When the middle of Sha'ban comes do not fast." Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Darimi transmitted it.
Some scholars went on to say that this hadith is not proven, among them Imam Ahmad, may God have mercy on him. Among those who corrected it were those who said that the prohibition is abominable but not forbidden. But these cases are excluded:
Whoever is used to fasting can fast even if Shaban is in middle, and the evidence is the hadith of Abu Hurairah, may God be pleased with him, in Sahih Muslim, the Prophet of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said "None of you should fast a day or two before the (beginning of the) mouth of Ramadan, unless it is a day on which one is in the habit of fasting (i.e. voluntary fasting that coincides with that day).” Bukhari and Muslim transmitted it.
Whoever wanted to fast most of Shaban, as the Messenger of God, may God bless him, used to.
Whoever has an obligatory fast, there is no dispute over the necessity of his fast even if Shaban is in the middle.
Among the rulings that we need to know when Shaban is in the middle, two issues:
That the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, forbade fasting on the Day of Doubt, which is the thirtieth of Shaban, Ammar bin Yasir (RAA) narrated, ‘Whoever fasts the day of doubt he has then disobeyed Abu al-Qasim (the Prophet).” Narrated by Al-Bukhari. The day of doubt is the thirtieth of Shaban, and it is the day on which one can doubt whether it is from Ramadan or Sha'ban because of cloud and the like.
Every Muslim must fast with his country and observe its calendar, for this is the opinion of the investigators among the scholars at this time.
I ask God to unite Muslims on the right.